Background image: Haze shrouds Eastern China (NASA Earth Observatory)
Research/writing:Laura Grant @LauraJGrant
Programming: Alastair Otter @alastairotter

1. Data source: Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (Edgar). Global emissions dataset: CO2 excluding short-cycle organic carbon from biomass burning (downloaded November 30 2015).

Note: These data are fossil fuel use and industrial process emissions (cement production, carbonate use of limestone and dolomite, non-energy use of fuels and other combustion). They do not include short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning) and excluding large-scale biomass burning (forest fires, etc.)

2. Nasa Earth Observatory: Satellite image of pollution haze over China

3. PBL Netherlands Enviromental Assessment Agency. Trends in Global CO2 emissions 2015 report.

4. PBL Netherlands Enviromental Assessment Agency. Infographic. Are Global CO2 emissions still rising?

5. Word Resources Institue: Russia: New Climate plan may actually increase emissions

6. GHG Inventory for South Africa 2000 - 2010, Department of Enviromental Affairs, November 2014.

7. US Energy Information Adminstration

What happens when countries rely on coal to grow their economies?

While the world was meeting in December in Paris to discuss what to do about climate change, Beijing issued its first air pollution red alert. For health reasons, people were advised to stay indoors, schools were closed and restrictions were imposed on the use of cars. Coal provides about two-thirds of China's energy, particularly in the north-east of the country, the area covered in the grey haze in this satellite image.

Comment in here
CO2 emissions in developed countries have been falling. But in developing countries, such as China, whose economies have been rapidly industrialising, emissions are rising. In 1990, developing countries accounted for a third (31%) of the global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels. In 2014 they produced two-thirds (61%) of global emissions.